Artificial Sweeteners: A Systematic Review and Primer for Gastroenterologists(Spencer et al, 2016) Artificial sweeteners (AS) are ubiquitous in food and beverage products, yet little is known about their effects on the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and whether they play a role in the development of GI symptoms, especially in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Two main areas on which there is data to suggest that AS may affect the GI tract include motility and the gut microbiome.
Evaluation of nutritional quality of a novel pea protein(Yang et al, 2012) The estimated PDCAAS of pea protein was 85 percent for children 3 to 10 years and 93 percent for adults. The pea protein evaluated in this study has a protein quality similar to that of casein, eggs, and soy and much higher than that of common vegetable based protein sources.
Vitamins A, E and fatty acid composition of the eggs of caged hens and pastured hens(Karsten et al, 2010) In comparison to eggs of caged birds, the pastured hens’ eggs had twice as much vitamin E and long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, and 2.5-fold more total omega-3 fatty acids. Pastured hens, however, also weighed less and produced fewer eggs than caged hens, indicating that they should be supplemented with more dietary energy and crude protein, which could reduce the observed egg omega-3 fat and vitamins A and E concentrations.